CD3MN; 4A. Cast UNS: J Cast Grade: CD3MN; 4A. Cast ASTM: A, A, 4A (CENT, INVEST, SAND). Wrought UNS: S Wrought Grade: 22 Jan Thus, the corrosion behavior of ASTM A/A M GR 5A super duplex stainless steels (SDSS) has been investigated in aqueous 60, Last previous edition approved in as A/AM – DOI: / A_AM 2 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website.

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ASTM A lists tensile property requirements, but does not require that the tensile tests actually be performed. The increase in the current density with aging time can be attributed xstm the microstructural evolution taking place during thermal aging.

Castings shall be heat treated in accordance with the required procedure and heat-treat temperature. December 07, ; Accepted: This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. This significant decline in the impedance value illustrate the deteriorative effect of aging time on passivity condition at mV vs. As a general tendency, the potential increased as soon as the samples were immersed in the electrolyte and then stabilized after about s.

The corrosion properties of both ferrite and austenite are dependent on the actual chemical composition. The evolution of open circuit potentials OCP for each heat treatment condition monitored versus time in 60, ppm NaCl solution is shown in Figure 3. In order to guarantee the stationary and linear conditions, the working electrode was polarized for 1 h according to the measured potential before measuring the impedance tests.

Tensile tests are only required if Supplementary Requirement S32 is specified on the purchase order. Hardening of aged duplex stainless steels by spinodal decomposition. The impacts of aging treatment time and polarization at mV vs. To determine atsm microhardness values of the phases and correlate them with the aging treatment time, Vickers microhardness measurements were performed with a load of gf and the holding time for the measurements was 15 s.

These nanometer scale galvanic couples, distributed throughout the entire ferrite matrix, appear to a80 to uniform dissolution of ferrite phase by galvanic corrosion.

Heat Treatment Effects on ASTM A/A M GR 5A Super Duplex Stainless Steel Passivity

Materials Chemistry and Physics. Figure 8 exhibits the current transient curves for all heat treatment conditions.


Park and Kwonfor a A higher OCP usually indicates an increase in the passivation ability of the steel. New Washer Application Search Tool.

Marking of heat numbers on castings is not required unless specified separately on the purchase order. The heat treatment was performed in a muffle furnace.

Materials Q&A

A high value of R p is associated with a high corrosion prevention capability; a low value of R p indicates potential high corrosion activity. All electrochemical measurements were repeated at least three times for each condition to obtain representative results.

ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date. Thus, aging up to 50 h did not weaken the microstructure of these samples. In addition, the results of the corrosion tests were compared with the evolution of the mechanical properties of the steels by the Vickers microhardness test.

Austenite is enriched with nickel and nitrogen, while ferrite is enriched with chromium and molybdenum. Therefore, impedance measurements were performed in the potentials marked in the polarization curves of Figure 4: The working electrode area exposed to the test solution was approximately 0. In the case of other samples coupled with annealed samples, the galvanic current density detected by the potentiostat reached very small values about The measurement of the steady-state anodic polarization curve over the wide potential range is usually a first step in studying passivity.

Journal of Nuclear Materials. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

The polarization resistance, R pis commonly used as a measure of the resistance of a metal to corrosion damage. The typical anodic polarization behavior of a stainless steel in NaCl solution consists of active dissolution around the anodic peakpassivity, and a rapid increase of the current density. However, A imposes some additional requirements:.

The initial drastic current drop can be caused by the formation of a compact oxide film in the initial stage, which increases the resistance and reduces the current densities Polarization and chronoamperometry tests were started after a nearly steady-state open circuit potential OCP had developed around one hour.

Influence of chloride ion concentration and temperature on the electrochemical properties of passive films formed on a superduplex stainless steel. ASTM A was reapproved without changes in Custom Hydraulic Power Units. These results suggested that, for the aging carried out for less than 10 hours, a similar behavior to the solution annealing sample is observed.

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The time recording of the common potential and the current between the aged samples and the annealed sample over time is an indication of galvanic effects.

The difference in chemical composition between the ferritic and the austenitic phases can greatly affect the corrosion behavior of duplex stainless steel DSS.

In order to obtain a test report showing the actual chemistry and tensile test results, Supplementary Requirement S12 must also be imposed. The austenite phase bright phase was evenly distributed as islands in the etched ferrite matrix dark phase. However, one thing is clear-materials are not added in these codes unless the parent specification requires tensile testing to ensure that the product being supplied actually meets the minimum mechanical properties upon which the design is based.

The applied potential was mV vs. Three values of potential were selected in the polarization curves in order to investigate the peak on the passivation range: Effect of applied potential on passivation and erosion-corrosion of a Fe-based amorphous metallic coating under slurry impingement. As such, many piping specifications include references to ASTM A and its various duplex grades for piping components such as valves. Influence of sensitization on microstructure and passive property of AISI duplex stainless steel.

This phenomenon can be described by passivity breakdown and localized corrosion. Proper heat treatment of these alloys is usually necessary to enhance corrosion resistance and in some cases to meet mechanical properties. For samples annealed and aged for 2 and 10 aatm, the common feature of these plots is that a large current density is initially observed and then the current density remains nearly constant after a few hours about 10 asgm of potential application indicating the attainment of a stable passive current density.